Arm and Hand
Below the shoulder is the elbow – a hinge joint where the humerus (upper arm bone) meets the two bones of the forearm, the radius and the ulna. There are collateral ligaments on each side of the joint that provide support, along with muscles and tendons.
The wrist connects the hand to the forearm and contains many joints that function together to move the hand. There are two rows of four bones called carpals that make up the wrist. The way these bones articulate with each other, as well as with the forearm and metacarpals (hand bones), allow for a wide range of movement. The wrist is supported by ligaments, muscles and tendons.
The middle part of the hand is composed of five bones called metacarpals. They connect to the carpals (wrist bones) on one end and the phalanges (finger bones) on the other. There are 14 phalanges found in the fingers of each hand (3 in each finger, 2 in each thumb). Each finger has two interphalangeal joints (only one in the thumbs) that act like hinges to allow you to bend and straighten your fingers and thumbs. Many different ligaments, muscles and tendons allow for a large amount of movement and dexterity.
The conditions we treat involving the elbow, wrist, and hand include, but are not limited to:
Medial Epicondylitis (Golfer’s Elbow)
Lateral Epicondylitis (Tennis Elbow)
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Finger Flexor/Extensor Tendon Injury