The knee is a hinge joint where the bottom of the femur (thigh bone) meets with the top of the tibia (shin bone). The patella, or kneecap, glides along a groove located at the bottom of the femur. There is also another bone in the lower leg, the fibula, that is not considered part of the knee but plays an important role in muscle and ligament attachment.
There are two thick pads of cartilage in each knee, known as the medial and lateral meniscus, that act as shock absorbers between the femur and the tibia and help facilitate smooth motion in the joint. Ligaments, muscles, and tendons all play important roles in keeping the bones connected and the joint functioning properly.
The conditions that we treat involving the knee include, but are not limited to:
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury
Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Injury
Medical Collateral Ligament (MCL) Injury
Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL) Injury